HomeList of TitleSearchContact Us
Open Journal of Cardiology

ISSN: 2075-9010
Volume 6, 2017

Indexed in:

Open Journal of Cardiology, 2017, 6-2 [Research Article]

Venous thromboembolic disease in Burkina Faso: results of the prospective registry REMAVET (registry of Venous Thromboembolic)

Anna Thiam1,2, Georges Kinda2,3, Caleb Tindano1, Hermann Adoko1, Carine Bouda1,2, Nobila Valentin Yaméogo1,2, Georges Millogo1,2, Larissa Kagambéga1, Jonas Kologo1,2, André K Samandoulougou1,2, Patrice Zabsonré1,2

1 Centre hospitalier univeritaire Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou Burkina Faso
2 Unité de formation et de recherché en science de la santé Université Ouaga I Pr Joseph Ki Zerbo
3 Centre Hospitalier université Charles De Gaulle

Corresponding Author & Address:

Anna Thiam*
Yalgado Ouedraogo University hospital: Ouagadougou Burkina Faso; Email: annathiamtall@yahoo.fr or annathiam50@gmail.com; Phone: (00226) 70333400; BP 1165 Ouagadougou 09 Burkina Faso

Article History:
Published: 29th May, 2017   Accepted: 29th May, 2017
Received: 22nd March, 2017      

Open Journal of Cardiology, 2017, 6-2

© Thiam et al.; licensee Ross Science Publishers
ROSS Open Access articles will be distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work will always be cited properly.

Keywords: Venous thromboembolic disease, etiologic factors, Burkina Faso


The objective of this work was to determine the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients and the causative factors of deep venous thromboembolic (DVT) diseases in Burkina Faso, using data from a prospective registry called REMAVET(registry of Thromboembolic Disease ).

Materials and methods
REMAVET is a prospective registry collecting data on thromboembolic diseases since January 2014. We included all patients hospitalized for venous thromboembolic diseases in the cardiology department of University Hospital, from January 1, 2014 to May 31, 2015. Diagnoses were confirmed by venous Doppler ultrasound, pulmonary angiography or lung scintigraphy.

We collected one hundred ninety-four (194) patients over a period of 17 months. Hospital prevalence in 2014 was 20.26%. The overall mean age was 49 (range 17 to 92 years) .The sex ratio was 0.76. Sixty-nine percent (69%) of patients were admitted from the emergency department. Pulmonary embolism accounted for 50.5%, thrombophlebitis for38.14% and the association pulmonary embolism-thrombophlebitis for 11.34%. The most frequently reported risk factors were physical inactivity (38.5%), obesity (33%), non-O blood type (21.1%) and pregnancy and postpartum (20.6%). In 11.85% no risk factor was identified. The average hospital stay was 12 days (range 1-4 days) .The patient mortality was 10%.

Thromboembolic diseases are increasing severe affection in Sub-Saharan Africa with multiple etiological factors.

©2017 Ross Science Publishers