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Open Journal of Cardiology

ISSN: 2075-9010
Volume 6, 2017

Indexed in:

Open Journal of Cardiology, 2017, 6-1 [Research Article]

Precipitating Factors of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure in Hospitalized Patients in Cardiology in Burkina Faso

Anna Thiam, Abdoul Salam Doulgou, André K Samadoulougou, Patrice Zabsonré
Yalgado Ouedraogo University hospital: Ouagadougou Burkina Faso

Corresponding Author & Address:

Anna Thiam*
Yalgado Ouedraogo University hospital: Ouagadougou Burkina Faso; Email: annathiamtall@yahoo.fr or annathiam50@gmail.com; Phone: (00226) 70333400; BP 1165 Ouagadougou 09 Burkina Faso

Article History:
Published: 27th March, 2017   Accepted: 27th March, 2017
Received: 23rd January, 2017      

Open Journal of Cardiology, 2017, 6-1

© Thiam et al.; licensee Ross Science Publishers
ROSS Open Access articles will be distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work will always be cited properly.

Keywords: Heart failure, factors of decompensation, Burkina Faso


Heart failure is a common health condition in the course of which many acute episodes of decompensation may occur and require hospitalizations. The objective of this study is to identify the precipitating factors of acute decompensated heart failure in hospitalized patients.

Patients and methods
We conducted a transversal and descriptive study at the Inpatient cardiology unit from May 2014 to December 2014. All patients over 15 year of age, under treatment for previously diagnosed heart failure, and hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure were enrolled.

We enrolled a total of eighty one (81) patients. Mean age was 56.25 years with extremes of 21 and 85 years. Sex ratio was 1.07. Patients with permanent job and regular income accounted for 8.6% of cases. Underlying heart diseases were hypertensive cardiomyopathy in 37% of cases and rheumatic valvular diseases in 26% of cases. No precipitation factor was identified in 13.6% of cases. Noncompliance with treatment was noticed in 65.4% of cases and 12% of patients were out of medications due to: lack of financial resources (60.4%), and abatement of symptoms (15.8%). Other precipitating factors were rhythm disorders (39.5%), conduction disorder (4.9%) and infection (27.2%). Lung infections (54.5%) and urinary tract infections (18%) were predominant. Anemia was reported in 35.8% of cases.

Diagnosis of heart failure implies proper therapeutic follow up from health professionals and good compliance to treatment from patients.

©2017 Ross Science Publishers